The Bobolice Castle
The Bobolice Castle is a royal castle, which was originally constructed in the mid-14th century, and later reconstructed. It is located in the system of the so-called „Eagle Nests”, in the village of Bobolice, in the śląskie region.
The royal castle in Bobolice was constructed by king Kazimierz the Great of Poland, most likely between 1350 and 1352. The castle was supposed to secure the nearby dominion and protect Lesser Poland from the invasions from Silesia, which at the time was part of the Czech Kingdom.
The castle is considered part of the group of strongholds known as Orle Gniazda (Eagle Nests).
In 1370, Ludwik Węgierski, who was the king of Poland at the time, gave the castle to his relative, Władysław Opolczyk, who passed it down to his courtier, Andrzej Schóny from Barlabas (known as Andrzej Węgier) in 1379. He transformed the castle into a robber stronghold. King Władysław Jagiełło put an end to robbers’ activity, when he included the castle in the royal property in 1396, but he still let Andrzej run them. After his death, the castle was inherited by his daughter Anna, and after her death, it was divided between her son, Stanisław Szafraniec and her second husband, Mściwój from Wierzchowisko, along with his children.
During the civil war in 1587, the castle was conquered by the army of Maksymilian III Habsburg, the claimant to the Polish crown. At that time, the castle was severely damaged, but it was quickly reconquered by the army of Jan Zamoyski, which was favoring Zygmunt III Waza.