Gora Kalwaria is a small town in the Mazowieckie region, in the community of Gora Kalwaria, located upon the river Vistula, 34 kilometers away from Warsaw.
Gora Kalwaria received its town location in 1670. It was degraded in 1883, but got its city rights back in 1919.
The knight village of Góra was existing back in the 13th century, but it began to play a more significant role in 1666, when it was owned by the Poznan bishop Stefan Wierzbowski. The destruction of the village during the Swedish Deluge made it possible to fulfill the plan of building a system of Calvary roads. In 1670, the city privilege was established, along with the name „New Jerusalem”. After Wierzbowski’s death, the town slowly began to fall down. In the late 18th century and the early 19th century, most of the churches and chapels were demolished, and in the early 1800s the ban of the Jews’ settlement was lifted. It didn’t take long for them to become the largest religious group in the town.
Between 1883 and 1919, the town was deprived of city rights.
Before World War II, in Gora Kalwaria there was the Main School of Border Guards and the first regiment of the heaviest artillery.
In 1940, the Germans created a ghetto for Jewish people, were about 3500 people were located. Aftr the ghetto’s closing in 1941, most of its citizens were relocated ot the Warsaw ghetto, and part of them were executed.
Some of the monuments of Gora Kalwaria include:
- The post-bernardine church of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Currently a Parish church)
- Two calvary chapels.
- The former Mariana church, the so-called Upper Room.
- The former college of the Piarist order from 1675, rebuilt in the 19th century.