The Dęblin fortress

At the confluence of the Wieprz and Vistula rivers, you can find the remainings of fortifications built by Russia in the 19th century. The Dęblin fortress was a promising and strategically located object. Hopes for efficient use of the fortress were the reason to try to modernize it. But why didn’t anyone take advantage of the potential of the Dęblin fortress?

The construction of the fortress began shortly after the fall of the November Uprising. It was assumed, that the object will have not only a defensive function, but also a police function. The Dęblin fortress was designed by a Russian general and engineer Iwan Dehn. The construction in Dęblkin lasted for 15 years. In that time, at the right bank of Vistula, a bastion fortress was created. Meanwhile, at the left bank of Vistula, a suburbia was created, which is also known as Fort Gorczakowa.

In the 1880s, a decision was made to modernize and expand the fortification. During these works, the Dęblin fortress gained a fort character. During those times, seven forts were created, three of which were located at the right bank of Vistula.

Although in 1909 it was decided not to do any more modernization works, the plans were changed shortly afterwards. Right before the outbreak of World War I, the fortification in Dęblin gained the status of a fortress once again. The main purpose was to protect the trips through Vistula.

The Dęblin fortress is an example of the Russian people’s indecision. Although the fortification was a promising object, with a strategic location, noone ever fully took advantage of its potential. The organization changes and incompetence of the people of Russia caused a spectacular failure of the fortress.

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