Drawa National Park

It was established in 1990 on the area of 11342 ha, of which the forest take 83%. It protects naturally most interesting area of the Western Lake District, representing the most valuable fragments of early glacial landscape of outwash plains, formed during the last phase of the Baltic glaciation. The landscape is composed of kame hills, numerous post-glacial gullies and 13 lakes of various depths and fertility with the biggest one – Lake Ostrowieckie with the area of around 370 ha.

The flora is represented by 27 communities of water, peatbog and forest plants. It is composed of around 700 species of vascular plants, of which 43 species are legally protected, e.g. the February daphne Daphne mezereum, the club-moss Lycopodium sp., the martagon lily Lilium martagon and the anthericum liliago.

The fauna consists of 33 species of mammals including the otter Lutra lutra – the symbol of the Park and the reintroduced beaver Castor fiber. There are around 150 species of birds in the Park. To the rarest ones belong: the eagle owl Bubo bubo, the lesser spotted eagle Aquila pomarina, the white -tailed eagle Haliaeetus albicilla, the osprey Pandion haliaetus and the black stork Ciconia nigra. Among the reptiles there is the protected European pond tortoise Emys orbicularis. The rich ichtyofauna of the rivers and lakes in the Park is represented by salmonid fish which have their sprawning-grounds here, e.g. the salmon Salmo salar, the bulltrout Salmo trutta morpha trutta, the trout Salmo trutta morpha fario and the grayling Thymallus thymallus.

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