Places worth visiting in the surrounding of Gdansk
„Oh! I do like to be beside the seaside! I do like to be beside the sea!”
Who doesn’t like to spend their vacation at the seaside? The sandy beaches, the soothing sound of the waves and the multitude of things to see and do are the main reasons why crowds of tourists, not only from Poland, are coming to the Polish seaside every single year. If you’re wondering what to visit during your vacation at the Baltic Sea, here are a few attraction you definitely cannot miss!
The Malbork castle
The Malbork castle is located on the right side of the Nogat river. It was constructed in several stages between 1280 and the mid-15th century by the Teutonic knights. It was originally a conventual headquarters of the commander, and since 1309, after Siegfried von Feuchtwangen moved the capital of the Teutonic Order to Malbork, it was also the headquarters of the great masters of the Teutonic Order and the government of Prussia.
The preparations for construction lasted since 1278, when the forestry clearance and the gathering of the building sbstance began. The beginning of the first stage of construction might be dated to as early as 1280. The stronghold created during that stage was the commnader’s castle.
After the castle was occupied by the people of Prussia, in 1774 the castle was reconstructed into barracks, which caused serious devastation.
The Slowinski National Park
The Slowinski National Park was established on January 1st 1967 at the surface of 18.069 hectares.In 1977, the park was included by UNESCO into the network of biosphere reserves. The greatest value of the Slowinski National Park is not the flora or fauna, but inanimate nature – dunes, especially the wandering ones, moraines, spits, lakes and beaches.
This area is the witness of dynamic processes of destruction and creation, which can be exemplified by the fact, that in spring of 2016, a forest was uncovered after being buried by wandering dunes for several thousands of years,The most important anmials of the park are birds. About 260 species of birds were classified here.
The Slowinski National Park is also home to 10 species of amphibians, 5 species of reptiles and numerous species of mammals, such as the grey seal and the porpoise.
The Hel Peninsula
The Hel Peninsula is a sandy scythe with the length of 35 kilometers, created by sea current flowing to the east along the Polish coastline.The peninsula mostly consists of Holocene sediments, which are located directly on rocks originating from the Cretaceous period.
According to one of the theories, the peninsula was created in the 17th century, when several small islands, which were located in this area, were connected. However, this this theory is moat likely false.
One of the greatest attractions in the Hel Peninsula is the Seal Sanctuary, which is part of ascientific-research agency of the Institute of Oceanography at the University of Gansk. It is an incredibly popular attraction – in the late 20th and early 21st century it was visited by approximately 300.000 tourists annually.
The Seal Sanctuary survives thanks to voluntary donations from visitors, money from selling tickets and the souvenir shop.
Kaszuby is a cultural region in northern Poland, part of the region of Pomorze Gdanskie. The historical borders of the lands, which were part of Kaszuby and were enhabited by people known as Kashubs, are the subject of disputes in historical literature.
Between the 7th and 12th century A.D., the Pomeranian lands were inhabited by Slavonic tribes described as Pomeranians, Wends or Kashubs.
It is commonly believed, that the name Kaszuby took shape during the wandering of nations, between the 6th and 8th century A.D., and it was supposed to describe the southern baltic, Slavonic tribes.
One of the attractions, whichh allows tourists to learn more about the history and culture of Kaszuby is the Kashubian Etnographic Park, located in the village of Wdzydze. It occupies the area of 22 hectares and is divided into 6 sectors, which represent the five areas of Kaszuby.
Sopot is a city in northern Poland, which is part of the Tricity, along with Gdansk and Gdynia. The first historical mention of Sopot originated from 1283, when the Pomeranian prince Msciwoj II gave a small fishing village to the Cistercians in Oliwa.
Since the mid-16th century, the wealthy patricians from Gdansk and diplomats from foreign countries began to construct their summer residences. During that period, there were first atempts to organize places for sea bathing, but the development of the bathing area happend a bit later.
After the activation of the Koszalin-Gdansk railway connection in 1870, Sopot went through rapid development.
One of the most interesting attractions in Sopot is the so-called „Woodland Opera” – a forest amphitheater with the surface of 4 hectaresm which was first opened in July of 1909. The Woodland Opera is located in the woodland complex of the Oliwa Forests.